German-born painter and illustrator. Specialised in animals. Apprenticed as a lithographer in Koblenz before studying art at the Antwerp Academy. Arrived in London in 1848. Established a studio with Johann Baptist Zwecker at 59 Berners Street, London, circa 1860. Illustrated many natural history publications including Henry Walter Bates’s The naturalist on the river Amazons (1863).
Sources: Bates 1863, p. vi ODNB Post Office London directory 1859–63. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)