German-born painter and illustrator ; specialist on animals. Apprenticed as a lithographer in Koblenz before studying art at the Antwerp Academy. Arrived in London in 1848. Established a studio with Johann Baptist Zwecker at 59 Berners Street, London, circa 1860. Illustrated many natural history publications including a number of the plates for Henry Walter Bates's The naturalist on the river Amazons (1863).
Sources: Bates, H. W. 1863: vi DNB Post Office London directory 1859–63
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)