Zoologist and entomologist. Emigrated to South Africa in 1858. Arranged the Lepidoptera at the South African Museum. Held civil-service positions in the Commission of Land and Public Works, the governor's office, and the colonial secretary's office; became part-time curator of the South African Museum in 1873; full-time curator, 1876. FRS 1883.
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)