To Thomas Livingstone Mitchell1 
My dear Sir
The chief object in the description of the valleys,2 which would interest geologists, I should think would lie in as clear an indication as possible of the amount of solid stone removed in these excavations—
To show this of course would require only measurements of the depth, breadth, & length.— You might describe the bounding lines of some one valley, & state (if you have knowledge of the fact) that a line of cliffs, such as those given in your drawing, stretch continuously for so many miles, inclosing such an area, & having a height nearly equal or lowering towards some point of the compass, or whatever the facts might turn out.— The second class of facts to mention; is the direction through which the great area of stone has been removed.—
this will require a description of the lower part of those valleys, of which the upper forms one of the basins.— the width & depth of the gorge; its impassibility &c.—the present size & force of the stream &c &c.—
I suspect, no one at present could do more than state the problem. its solution appears to me most difficult. Of course you must allude to the nature of the sandstone on the Blue Mountains, its horizontal stratification &c; & the consequence that these valleys are due to excavation, & not to the elevation of a line of hills on each side as might be supposed.
These are the few suggestions which occur to me.—
very Faithfully yours | Chas. Darwin
Sends suggestions for points that would interest geologists in a description of valleys in the Blue Mountains [New South Wales].
- Letter no.
- Darwin, C. R.
- Mitchell, T. L.
- Sent from
- Source of text
- Mitchell Library (Mitchell papers A295-1, vol. VI., Misc. pp.85–8
- Physical description
Please cite as
Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 468,” accessed on 25 February 2017, http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/DCP-LETT-468