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Darwin Correspondence Project


From Asa Gray   30 March 1877

Herbarium of Harvard University, | Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Mass.

March 30 1877

My Dear Darwin

Thanks for your note about the dimorphics.1

The Lithospermums of S Batschia are dimorphic—as is well known. But one of them, L. longiflorum (Pentalophus A. Dl.) turns out to bear, later in season (and in some plants from the first,) smaller and smaller flowers,—of which some must be cleistogenous.2 Now of this a long series of the long-flowered state in the herbm. shows only one form of stamens & style, i.e. is not dimorphic, that I can see.

It is the only one that is cleistogenous. Curious, that it should take to this instead of dimorphism

Yours ever | A. Gray


Lithospermum longiflorum has cleistogamous flowers and, unlike other species of genus, it is not dimorphic.

Letter details

Letter no.
Gray, Asa
Darwin, C. R.
Sent from
Herbarium of Harvard
Source of text
DAR 165: 195
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 10918,” accessed on 22 October 2016,