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To Nature   6 May [1876]

Summary

Reports seeing flowers of wild cherry bitten off in same manner as primroses [see 9418 and 9444]. In this case it was done by a squirrel, though birds also bite the flowers of the cherry-tree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 May [1876]
Classmark:  Nature, 11 May 1876, p. 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10498

To Nature   [before 2 November 1876]

Summary

Summarises, with comments, two letters from Johann von Fischer [10598, 10600] on the display by monkeys of their brightly-coloured hindquarters, and the relation of this behaviour to sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 2 Nov 1876]
Classmark:  Nature, 2 November 1876, pp. 18–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10660

To Nature   15 August [1877]

Summary

CD forwards letter from F. J. Cohn [11093] that provides confirmation of observations by Francis Darwin on the contractile filaments protruded from the glands of Dipsacus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  15 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 23 August 1877, p. 339
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11108

To Nature   21 November [1877]

Summary

Sends letter from Fritz Müller [11191] containing observations on plants and insects of South Brazil, with prefatory comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  21 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 29 November 1877, p. 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11245

To Nature   [21? May 1878]

Summary

CD’s letter on wide distribution of freshwater plants and animals introduces a letter to him from Arthur H. Gray [see 11497].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [21? May 1878]
Classmark:  Nature, 30 May 1878, pp. 120–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11520

To Nature   [before 20 March 1879]

Summary

Comments on a letter from Fritz Müller [11839] and particularly on the subject of the disappearance of certain structures in organisms. FM’s explanation deserves serious consideration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 20 Mar 1879]
Classmark:  Nature, 20 March 1879, pp. 462–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11945

To Nature   16 December 1879

Summary

Reports information sent by E. Schulte [12254] on the colours of the male Diadema bolina.

Discusses extent to which consciousness came into play in the origin of certain instincts, including sexual display.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  16 Dec 1879
Classmark:  Nature, 8 January 1880, p. 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12359

To Nature   15 December [1879]

Summary

CD has repeated a test of whether hybrids of the common and Chinese goose are fertile inter se. Reports his success, and comments on its significance for the theory of descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  15 Dec [1879]
Classmark:  Nature, 1 January 1880, p. 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12391

To Nature   9 April [1880]

Summary

Forwards a letter from E. S. Morse on Omori shell mounds refuting F. V. Dickins’ review [Nature 21 (1880): 350] of Morse’s memoir ["The shell mounds of Omori", Mem. Sci. Dep. Univ. Tokyo 1 (1879) pt 1].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  9 Apr [1880]
Classmark:  Nature, 15 April 1880, p. 561
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12571

To Nature   5 November [1880]

Summary

Sir Wyville Thomson misunderstands natural selection when he says the theory "refers the evolution of species to extreme variation guided only by natural selection". CD demurs at the "extreme variation" and the "only". No one has said evolution depends only on natural selection. CD has adduced many facts on the effects of use and disuse and on the direct action of the environment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  5 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  Collected papers 2: 223 Nature 23 (11 November 1880): 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12800

To Nature   [before 30 December 1880]

Summary

Quotes an extract from a letter from Mr Sanderson of Chislehurst on the disappearance of black or spotted sheep from Australian flocks when the coloured sheep ceased to be of use to man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 30 Dec 1880]
Classmark:  Nature 23 1880: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12955

To Nature   22 February [1881]

Summary

Summarises the "remarkable facts about the movements of plants" in Fritz Müller’s letter of January [12996]. CD comments that Müller’s observations support the conclusion that he and Francis Darwin arrived at – that leaves go to sleep to escape the full effects of radiation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  22 Feb [1881]
Classmark:  Nature 23 (1881): 409; Collected papers 2: 224–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13061

To Nature   14 April [1881]

Summary

Summarises a letter from Fritz Müller [missing] giving details of leaf movement in Mucuna, Desmodium, and Bauhinia. CD is especially interested in the paraheliotropic movements, which appear to be as common as sleep movements.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  14 Apr [1881]
Classmark:  Nature 23 (1881): 603–4; Collected papers 2: 228–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13117

To Nature   13 July [1881]

Summary

Communicates two cases of inheritance reported by J. P. Bishop [in 13137]. The work of E. Brown-Séquard has demonstrated that effects of injuries can be inherited ["Hereditary transmission of an epileptiform affection accidentally produced", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 10 (1860): 297–8]. E. Dupuy has sent CD a still more remarkable case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 July [1881]
Classmark:  Nature 24 (1881): 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13245

To Nature   [before 15 September 1881]

Summary

Quotes from a Fritz Müller letter of 9 Aug [missing] supporting CD’s views that leaves position themselves at night so as to minimise heat loss by radiation. It is a new fact to CD that leaves take different positions at different seasons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 15 Sept 1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 15 September 1881, p. 459
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13338

To Nature   7 November [1881]

Summary

Summarises letter of William Nation [13350]. The facts given strongly support the conclusion that there is some close connection between the parasitic habits of birds that lay their eggs in others’ nests and the fact of their laying eggs at "considerable intervals of time".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  Nature 25 (1881): 51; Collected papers 2: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13471

To Nature   [before 6 April 1882]

Summary

Reports observations of W. D. Crick [see 13705, 13715, and 13721] and Frank Norgate [see 13079]. They leave no doubt that living bivalves are often carried from pond to pond.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 6 Apr 1882]
Classmark:  Nature 25 (1882): 529–30; Collected Papers 2: 276
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13760

From A. W. Bennett to Nature   8 November 1869

Summary

Discusses cross-fertilisation in Vinca.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  8 Nov 1869
Classmark:  Nature 1 (1869): 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6978F

To Nature   13 November [1869]

Summary

Comments on A. W. Bennett’s letter [Nature 1 (1869): 58] on fertilisation of winter-flowering plants. CD used net, not a bell-glass to cover Lamium.

Refers to F. Delpino’s observations on fertilisation of grasses; CD is glad to say these observations are compatible with "the very general law that distinct individual plants must be occasionally crossed".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Nature 1 (1869): 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6987

To Nature   [before 27 April 1871]

Summary

Replies to Francis Galton’s paper on tranfusing blood between rabbits to test Pangenesis [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–40]. FG’s conclusion that his experiments prove Pangenesis to be false is "a little hasty", since CD had never maintained that gemmules in the blood formed any part of his hypothesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 27 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  Nature, 27 April 1871, pp. 502–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7720
Document type
letter (42)
Date
1869 (2)
1871 (2)
1872 (1)
1873 (7)
1874 (9)
1876 (2)
1877 (3)
1878 (1)
1879 (4)
1880 (5)
1881 (5)
1882 (1)
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