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From George Maw   6 November 1880

Summary

He has observed several instances of animals’ tails lying to the left in rigor mortis. Is this a general rule?

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 171: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12801

To George Maw   8 November 1880

Summary

Believes the flexure in GM’s dead animals must result from the greater strength of the muscles on the left side. Thinks his son George once tested the strength of each leg of a group of boys, and CD could get his notes if wanted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  8 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12805

From George Maw   15 March 1861

Summary

Asks for a testimonial for Edward Newman.

Discusses the Origin, considers natural selection works well when applied to the evolution of nations and groups of men; on the other hand feels the classification of mineral elements is a damaging analogy as it parallels organic classification but could not be derived by any evolutionary means.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1861
Classmark:  DAR 171.1(3): 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3089

To George Maw   17 March [1861]

Summary

Thanks GM for his excellent criticisms. His observations on the classification of minerals force him to "own that classification may be closely like that due to descent yet have no relation to it".

Asks whether GM has observed any cases of "bud-variations".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  17 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3090

To George Maw   13 July [1861]

Summary

Thanks GM for his fair review [of Origin, Zoologist 19 (1861): 7577–611].

Feels it is a pity to mingle science and religion;

explains why he did not deal with the case of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  13 July [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3208

To George Maw   19 July [1861]

Summary

Has read GM’s review and thanks him for its fair and liberal spirit. Discusses briefly several specific difficulties raised by it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  19 July [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3214

From George Maw   27 August [1861]

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter about GM’s review of the Origin.

Sends instances of correlative organisation and functions which he finds difficult to believe could have accumulated by gradual modifications.

[Letter erroneously dated 1862 by GM.]

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3236

To George Maw   31 August [1861]

Summary

Would welcome any facts on correlation, or GM’s criticisms. Explains how natural selection could produce apparent correlation of characters, but feels GM’s Pelargonium example must arise from the leaves and petals being similarly affected at an early stage by an unknown cause.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  31 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3239

From George Maw   30 June 1862

Summary

Discusses cases of assumed correlation, e.g., facial hair and generative organs, sexual characters in castrated oxen. Finds it difficult to see how correlation of functions which would be useless separately can be accumulated gradually through natural selection.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 99: 5–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3629

To George Maw   3 July [1862]

Summary

Thinks GM’s Pelargonium is a case of true correlated characters. Feels secondary sexual characters are only accidental correlations; does not see the same necessity for close simultaneous development of certain characters as GM does.

Will forward a copy of his Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  3 July [1862]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3640

From George Maw   7 July 1862

Summary

Thanks CD for sending Orchids.

Reports observations by his uncle relating to the successful breeding of a male mule with a horse.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 171.1: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3644

From George Maw   19 February 1863

Summary

Discusses the structure and particular uniformities of the Shropshire coal-seams and surrounding strata; speculates on their origins.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 171: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3999

From George Maw   25 February 1863

Summary

Discusses the deposition of coal and considers the possibility of coal aggregating into seams after deposition.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 171: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4012

To George Maw   28 February [1863]

Summary

Thanks GM for a curious lily.

Recommends some papers on coal.

Gives his opinion on the importance of forming theories if one is to be a good and original observer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  28 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4018

From George Maw   25 April 1863

Summary

Has obtained fossils from Gibraltar that he believes are human. Requests Lyell’s address so that he can send the bones.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 171: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4128

To George Maw   12 May [1863]

Summary

Believes GM’s human bones from Gibraltar must be of very doubtful age. Lyell agrees, but feels any skull found should be forwarded to George Busk or Hugh Falconer.

Suggests GM look carefully for shells in the drift.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  12 May [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4157

From Emma Darwin to George Maw   28 December 1863

Summary

CD too unwell to write but has signed the [unspecified] paper and forwarded it as requested.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  28 Dec 1863
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4360

From George Maw   1 June 1865

Summary

Reports a monstrous pig that looks like an elephant. It was born of a pregnant sow which had been frightened by a circus elephant. He offers the monster, which died at birth, to any London museum.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1865
Classmark:  DAR 171: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4847

To George Maw   4 June [1865]

Summary

Believes GM’s reported monstrosity is not rare. Does not believe it resulted from the effect of the imagination of the mother on her offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  4 June [1865]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4853

From George Maw   18 June 1866

Summary

In response to CD’s request for bud-sports, he sends a piece of a fern-leaved beech.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 June 1866
Classmark:  DAR 171: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5124
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1866 (2)
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