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From Anton Dohrn   7 September 1871

Summary

Reports on the international support he has obtained for the zoological station [see 7038]. Asks CD whether he will serve on a board of naturalists who would receive an annual report on the station.

Huxley is now convinced by AD’s views on homologies of the nervous system of arthropods, annelids, and vertebrates. Kovalevsky takes the same line but does not go far enough.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7925

To Anton Dohrn   8 September 1871

Summary

Agrees to have his name on the list of naturalists to whom annual report [on zoological station] should be sent.

His health has been very bad for last six weeks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  8 Sept 1871
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 698)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7926

To Anton Dohrn   3 February 1872

Summary

Thanks AD for his article in Das Ausland ["Englische Kritiker und Anti-Kritiker über den Darwinismus", 49 (1871): 1153–7].

Mivart’s book [Genesis of species], which misinterprets CD’s views, has produced a great effect in England.

He has answered the point about incipient structures being useless in new [6th] edition of Origin.

His Descent has had immense circulation, but has met with approval of hardly any naturalists. He supposes it was a mistake to publish it, but it will pave way for a better work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  3 Feb 1872
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Ana 525. Ba 699)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8199

From Anton Dohrn   15 February 1872

Summary

AD is sorry CD thinks publication of Descent a mistake. The excitement shows it was necessary for someone to speak plainly.

His great difficulties (Italian indolence, dishonesty, hatred) in establishing zoological station. Can at last start construction.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8214

From Anton Dohrn   21 August 1872

Summary

Has reported on the Naples Zoological Station to BAAS meeting at Brighton. Hopes to open it in January. Is at work building up the library by contributions from publishers and naturalists.

Deplores Wallace’s "drifting away" and his association with such men as H. C. Bastian.

Disbelieves in ascidians as our ancestors. Has a substitute he is sure will please CD.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8481

To Anton Dohrn   24 August [1872]

Summary

Rejoices at success [of Naples Zoological Station]. Will send complete set of his books to the library.

If AD is interested, he will send a copy of Expression when it comes out.

Invites AD to visit Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  24 Aug [1872]
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 700 & 700a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8486

From Anton Dohrn   28 August 1872

Summary

Will call on CD next year, when he will have worked out the embryology of Amphioxus; he believes it is not primitive but a degenerate form of fish. He believes the true ancestors of vertebrates are annelids.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 210
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8489

From Anton Dohrn   13 November 1872

Summary

Is amazed at Expression. Like CD’s former works, it contains the material and principles of a new science.

The Zoological Station is making good progress – now has a fine building. Hopes for a stable income from contributions of various governments.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 211
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8624

From Anton Dohrn   27 January 1873

Summary

The Naples Zoological Station and its library are growing fast. His life is a constant battle with the municipality, but has managed to make a little progress on vertebrate ancestry and morphology. His views get further away from what is generally accepted.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 212
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8750

To Anton Dohrn   2 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks AD for kind review of Expression. AD’s remarks on necessity of tracing development of functions are novel and valuable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  2 June [1873]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8933

From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873

Summary

News of Naples Zoological Station developments.

His remarks on physiology in the Academy were aimed at Prof. Ludwig and his school.

The usual "exact" methods in experimental physiology want only a little pushing to put an end to superstition.

Recounts how he had worked out the explanation of Rhizocephala morphology via the Anelasma – an example of both the power of inheritance and the power of genealogical investigation. R. Kossman’s work has now confirmed AD’s explanation.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8937

From Anton Dohrn  12 February 1874

Summary

Birthday greetings.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 172: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9285

To Anton Dohrn   13 February 1874

Summary

Thanks for birthday greetings.

Comments on work at Naples Zoological Station. F. M. Balfour to visit Naples. Would like to send third son [Francis Darwin] to learn art of observing marine animals.

Health indifferent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  13 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525, Ba 711)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9289

To Anton Dohrn   7 March 1874

Summary

CD is grieved to hear that AD is overworked and troubled about the Zoological Station. Glad he is now writing to seek assistance from English naturalists. Sends a subscription of £100 and £10 each from George and Francis Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  7 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525 Ba 712)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9338

From Anton Dohrn   6 April 1874

Summary

His gratitude for CD’s gift. An account of his difficulties with the Zoological Station and his health.

F. M. Balfour has told him that CD would like to see the question of complemental males in cirripedes studied again. AD would like to enter the field and to study the whole morphological development of cirripedes.

Describes the interest in embryological work in Russia and Germany.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9394

To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874

Summary

Has written to J. Murray to have account of the Zoological Station inserted in the Murray guidebook.

The circular about the Station has been printed; some have already signed.

Received R. Kossman’s paper on Anelasma ["Untersuchungen über die durch Parasitismus hervorgerufenen Umbildungen in der Familie der Pedunculata", Verh. Phys.-med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting ever recorded of gradation, i.e., from an animal with a stomach to one with roots like a plant.

Delighted he will examine the complemental males of Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  16 Apr 1874 or 9 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525, Ba 702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9414

From Anton Dohrn   7 February 1875

Summary

Thanks to CD’s help Zoological Station has passed a crisis and is now flourishing.

Is writing pamphlet on "the origin of vertebrates and the principle of succession of functions" [see 9991 and 10003]. It is likely CD will not be pleased with it, but he thinks he must now, after seven years, bring it out. Seeks to open the way for a new series of theoretical questions.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9845

To Anton Dohrn   [after 7 February 1875]

Summary

The Zoological Station has already resulted in "capital work" by F. M. Balfour and Ray Lankester. G. J. Romanes is coming next year.

CD will be interested in AD’s ancestry of vertebrates. "I shall be very sorry to give up the ascidians."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  [after 7 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 1120)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9852

To Anton Dohrn   24 May 1875

Summary

Thanks AD for his Ursprung [der Wirbelthiere (1875)], which astonished CD. AD’s views, if accepted by competent authorities, will show how much we have to learn about the history of every animal. Suggests caution on "degradation principle". Comments on other views in the work. Has long seen importance of the principle of "Functionswechsel" [transfer [change!?] of function], but never enunciated it as a distinct principle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  24 May 1875
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 1122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9991
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