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To H. W. Bates   20 April [1876]

Summary

Asks for information he needs for the German translation [of Coral reefs], including correct titles of reference books and the name of a voyager.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  20 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5066

To Henry Walter Bates   18 December [1866]

Summary

Asks for a letter on the tameness of deer, written by Commander A. Boutakoff to R. I. Murchison and printed in the Journal [J. R. Geogr. Soc. 23 (1853): 93–101].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  18 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection), FF7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5312

From H. W. Bates   19 December 1866

Summary

HWB sends a copy [missing] of Boutakoff’s letter, explaining that the deer were saiga antelopes and the islands were new discoveries.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 160: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5313

From Henry Walter Bates   11 March 1867

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Summary

Sexual ornamentation of insects: coloration of Epicalia genus [of tropical S. American butterflies];

horned genera of lamellicorn beetles [see Descent 1: 370, 388].

Wallace brought CD’s question about gay-coloured caterpillars before the Entomological Society. Members now seeking explanations.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 82: A36–9, A46–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5438

From H. W. Bates   29 March 1867

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Summary

Working on sexual differences in collection of horned beetles and will send CD results.

Answers CD’s questions [sent on behalf of Miss Tollet of Betley Hall, Staffs.] on mimicry – how it helps prevent extinction, the modifications occurring with a change of habitat until mimicry occurred.

Also gives some cases of sexual differences.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 205.10: 95 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5474

To H. W. Bates   30 March [1867]

Summary

Would like tabulation of horned beetles if not too troublesome, but would easily settle for general remarks.

On the subject of other species mocking Heliconidae, asks whether full-coloured ones were mocked. Expresses full belief in HWB’s theory.

Encloses a copy of A. R. Wallace’s letter to the Field requesting observations on which caterpillars birds devour.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  30 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection), FF7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5476

To Henry Walter Bates   11 February [1868]

Summary

Asks about proportions of male to female insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  11 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B D25.339)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5858

From H. W. Bates   18 February 1868

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Summary

Has put question of proportion of sexes in insects to the Entomological Society. Quotes H. T. Stainton and F. Smith. Cites some cases mentioned by other members.

Is reading Variation; does not quite understand Pangenesis.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 86: A4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5893

To H. W. Bates   19 February [1868]

Summary

CD in utter confusion about differences between J. O. Westwood and HWB on division of certain insects. Asks if HWB will homologise certain families for him, telling him which terms would be most generally understood.

Asks also about differences on sound-producing organs of Achetidae Gryllidae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  19 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5895

From H. W. Bates   21 February 1868

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Summary

Comments on J. O. Westwood’s entomological nomenclature.

Discusses the organs for stridulation in Orthoptera [see Descent 1: 352ff].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5909

To H. W. Bates   22 February [1868]

Summary

Thanks HWB for bringing "the question of sexes" before the Entomological Society. Feels he will come to some conclusion by comparison of numerous observations.

It appears Pangenesis "will expire unblessed and uncursed by the world".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  22 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph file, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5914

From H. W. Bates   26 February 1868

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Summary

Finds no absolute differences in size of sexes of Copridae. Gives several other genera in which males are larger than females.

Confirms his view of stridulation organ of house cricket. [see Descent 1: 354–5.]

Tells CD of a powerful convert to Darwinism: H. von Kiesenwetter of Berlin.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5936

From H. W. Bates   12 March 1868

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Summary

Results of his examination of divergence in sexual coloration of tropical American butterflies. [See Descent 1: 389 on Junonia and Papilio.]

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6007

To H. W. Bates   18 March [1868]

Summary

Requests information on the standard of beauty of savages and on whether the female has any influence in selecting a male.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  18 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6022

To H. W. Bates   15 April [1868]

Summary

CD has questions related to colour differences in the sexes of butterflies, especially in relation to HWB’s paper ["On variation in sexes of Argynnis diana", Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 4 (1865): 204–7].

Mentions that his MS on Lepidoptera [for Descent] is longer than he intended and the information is four-fifths owed to HWB.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  15 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6120

From H. W. Bates   20 April 1868

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Summary

In addition to the drawing of a caterpillar which CD intends to use,

HWB sends information on differences of colour and pattern between the sexes of species of Papilio.

Argynnis diana and A. sagana have females that are brightly coloured, but these may be cases of protective mimicry.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A42–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6132

To H. W. Bates   22 April [1868]

Summary

Thanks HWB for answering questions.

The MS on Lepidoptera is almost finished and he is glad HWB will read it; he is fearful of mistakes, not being familiar with the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  22 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6135

From H. W. Bates   20 May 1868

Summary

HWB thinks he can buy specimens of male and female insects at Mr Janson’s.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 160: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6194

To H. W. Bates   21 May [1868]

Summary

Lists specimens he wants from Mr Janson, emphasising that he always wants male and female.

He extends an invitation for a Sunday in early June.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  21 May [1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6195

From H. W. Bates   28 May 1868

Summary

He has been occupied with Royal Geographical Society anniversary meeting, but did go to Janson and selected various specimens for CD, some of which have remarkable stridulating organs.

The habits of Lethrus are found in Kirby and Spence’s Introduction [to entomology, 7th ed. (1856)].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 160: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6214
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