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To H. W. Bates   20 November [1862]

Summary

Just finished HWB’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566], one of the most remarkable he has ever read. Found mimetic cases and connection of facts marvellous. Finds equally important the facts on variation and segregation of complete and semi-complete species. Questions whether insect mimicry is not due to small size and defencelessness. Criticises title of paper. Mentions that Wallace will appreciate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  20 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3816

From H. W. Bates   24 November 1862

Summary

Gratified by CD’s approval of paper which was also praised by Hooker and Wallace. Only cares for one other opinion, that of C. Felder of Vienna. He finds ordinary entomologists are not scientific men. Asks for more criticisms; desires to publish paper in a widely circulating journal to advertise his book.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3825

To H. W. Bates   25 November [1862]

Summary

[Apparently in reply to question in missing portion of 3825.] A written agreement is unnecessary, but a letter stating terms would prevent misundertanding. He will attempt to have a review of HWB’s paper published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  25 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3827

To H. W. Bates   15 December [1862]

Summary

Thanks for paper and references on variations [missing].

Regrets HWB’s trouble about artists, etc., saying such trouble is a law of nature.

Asks whether HWB has heard of starving Indians who are forced to cook in different ways, and eat new things.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  15 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3861

To Henry Walter Bates   12 January [1863]

Summary

Asa Gray will try to get HWB’s paper reviewed.

Also mentions that he (CD) wrote a short review of it for Natural History Review [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Asks whether bees or Lepidoptera visit flowers of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  12 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3911

From H. W. Bates   17 January [1863]

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Summary

Has sent copy of his paper to Asa Gray.

Melastomad flowers are strikingly neglected by pollinators.

Murray has ordered many illustrations for HWB’s Naturalist on the river Amazons.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 205.8: 67 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3925

From H. W. Bates   24 January 1863

Summary

Wallace noticed that melastomads in Malay archipelago were visited by small Hymenoptera.

Darwinism discussed at the last meeting of the Zoological Society. The Darwinians had the best of it.

HWB has committed the "folly" of marriage [to Sarah Ann Mason, 15 Jan 1863].

Printing of vol. 1 [of Naturalist on the river Amazons] is nearly finished.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3941

To H. W. Bates   26 January [1863]

Summary

Congratulations on marriage, which CD considers the best and only chance for happiness in this world.

Glad HWB is near completion of book.

Begs him to thank Wallace for Melastoma information; CD "cannot endure being beaten by a beggarly flower".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  26 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3945

To H. W. Bates   4 March [1863]

Summary

CD relates Asa Gray’s pleasure over HWB’s paper and Gray’s plans to write abstract [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 285–90].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  4 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4022

From H. W. Bates   8 April 1863

Summary

Preparations under way to move to London account for delay in thanking CD for his review [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

His book is finished, and he is sending a copy to CD; owing to the great expense few copies will be sent to reviewers.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4079

To H. W. Bates   9 April [1863]

Summary

Thanks HWB for his book [Naturalist on the river Amazons]. Feels sure it will often be alluded to in other works.

Asa Gray is fascinated by the "Butterfly paper" ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  9 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinicke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (GEN MSS MISC Group 1559 F-1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4080

To H. W. Bates   18 April [1863]

Summary

Has finished vol. 1 [of Naturalist on the river Amazons]. CD praises book as "best ever published in England".

The review in the Athenæum was cold, as always, and insolent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4107

From H. W. Bates   20 April 1863

Summary

Expresses hope that CD is ready to pronounce sentence on his book;

he relates his financial position and mentions that he hopes to get a position at the British Museum.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4116

To H. W. Bates   30 April [1863]

Summary

After finishing vol. 2 [of Naturalist on the river Amazons], CD still has only praise. Remarks that his family is also enjoying the book. He regrets having finished, since he so enjoyed the descriptions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  30 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4132

From H. W. Bates   2 May [1863]

Summary

His satisfaction at CD’s acceptance of book as well as total public acceptance. Murray has given him a £250 advance. His pleasure at Asa Gray’s words.

Next task will be to write on origin [of species] by segregation of local races.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4138

From H. W. Bates   29 September 1863

Summary

HWB’s concern over CD’s poor health.

Gives accounts of reviews of his book in the Times and in the Revue des Deux-Mondes by E.-D. Forgues ["Un naturaliste sous l’équateur", Rev. Deux-Mondes 46 (1863): 703–37].

Thanks CD for the A. Gray review of his paper [see 4022].

Reports his current work is a monograph on Mantidae.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4313

From H. W. Bates   24 October 1863

Summary

Returns Gray’s review [of paper on mimetic analogy, Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 285–90]

and expresses his sorrow over CD’s health.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Oct 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4323

From Henry Walter Bates   28 January 1865

Summary

Pleased at receiving CD’s letter.

HWB informs him of favourable notice of the mimetic paper [in Wiegmann’s Arch. Naturgesch. 29 (1863) pt 2: 315–19].

He is pleased with his post [Asst. Sec. of Royal Geographical Society].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 160: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4756

From H. W. Bates   22 March 1865

Summary

Expresses pleasure at signs of CD’s recovery.

HWB’s work on the identification of species of the genus Colobthea; relates the large number of modifications that occur in the sexual organs of closely allied species. Does not doubt that this contributes greatly to multiplication of species in nature.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 160: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4792

From H. W. Bates   29 March 1865

Summary

He encloses a portrait and asks for one of CD.

He has sent mimetic paper to B. D. Walsh.

Mentions work at Royal Geographical Society on N. Pole business [plans for an Arctic expedition, eventually postponed until 1875–6].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 160: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4800
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