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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … Darwin’s copy of the catalogue of scientific books in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of …
  • … Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119: 1] …
  • … on the Horse in N. America— [Harlan 1835] Owen has it. & Royal Soc Lord Brougham Dissert. …
  • … Transact 15  [ Transactions of the   Horticultural Society ] Mr Coxe “view of the …
  • … Transactions [ ?Memoirs of the Caledonian Horticultural Society ]: Asa Gray & Torrey …
  • … [ Journal of the Agricultural and Horticultural   Society of India ; Proceedings of the …
  • … 1837] Transactions of the Caledonian Horticultural Society [ ?Memoirs   of the Caledonian …
  • … Horticult. Transactions [ Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London ].— [DAR …
  • … Natural History   Society ]— read Edinburgh. Royal [ Transactions of the Royal Society of …
  • … ].— Brit. Agricult. Association [ Journal of the Royal Agricultural   Society of England …
  • … many facts List of Books at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— …
  • … Physiological  Papers of M r  Knight from Hort: & Royal Soc. 15 s . Longman [Knight 1841] …
  • … (Suite a Buffon) [A. de Candolle 1835] has many Geographical aphorisms & laws consult. …
  • … London ]: up to parts published March 1838 Whole of Geographical Journal [ Journal of the …
  • … diseases of cattle [Dun 1854].— important 92 The Geographical Distrib. of Plants & …
  • … 32–7.  *128: 167 Anon. 1835. Thoughts on the geographical distribution of insects.  …
  • … *119: 8v. Brown, Robert. 1814. General remarks, geographical and systematical, on the …
  • … 20a ——. 1818. Observations, systematical and geographical, on Professor Christian Smith’s …
  • … [Other eds.]  119: 8a Darby, William. 1816.  A geographical description of the   state …
  • … atlas, a   series of maps & and notes illustrating the geographical   distribution of …
  • … *119: 22v.; 119: 22a Murray, Andrew. 1866.  The geographical distribution of   mammals …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … his scientific achievements when, in 1853, he was awarded a Royal Medal by the Royal Society of …
  • … and plates and settling publication details with the Ray Society for  Living Cirripedia  (1851) …
  • … Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again published by the Ray Society and the Palaeontographical Society. …
  • … developed into a valued friendship. London scientific society As letters in this …
  • … London, as revealed in a series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his …
  • … Milne-Edwards, for the Copley Medal and suggesting for the Royal Medal lesser-known naturalists whom …
  • … and experiments in order to support his theory. Geographical distribution One major …
  • … These investigations were part of his commitment to explain geographical distribution as a …
  • … insular floras and faunas the key elements of a study of geographical distribution, he carefully …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the …
  • … for private distribution by the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 1 December 1835.  [ Shorter …
  • … Valparaiso and Mendoza.  Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1838): 210-12. …
  • … by Capt. FitzRoy, R.N.  Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1838): 446-9.  [ …
  • … neighbourhood of the Plata. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1838): 542-4.  [ …
  • … study of coral formations.  Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1838): 552-4.  [ …
  • … the formation of mould.  Transactions of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser., pt. 3, 5 …
  • … continents are elevated.  Transactions of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser., pt. 3, 5 …
  • … are of marine origin.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39 …
  • … seen on an iceberg in 61° south latitude.  Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 …
  • … deposits of South America.  Transactions of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser. 6 (1842): …
  • … volcanic rocks with that of glaciers.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh  2 (1844-50): …
  • … of the Falkland Islands.   Proceedings of the Geological Society  pt. 1, 2 (1846): 267-74.  [ …
  • … of Patagonia and La Plata.  Proceedings of the Geological Society  pt. 2, 2 (1846): 127-8. …
  • … a lower to a higher level.  Proceedings of the Geological Society  4 (1848): 315-23.  [ Shorter …
  • … British fossil Lepadidæ.   Proceedings of the Geological Society  6 (1850): 439-40.  [ Shorter …
  • … near Buenos Ayres.   Proceedings of the Geological Society  19 (1863): 68-71.  [ Shorter …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1857, to be followed by a second notice in 1858. Geographical distribution: seeds and salt …
  • … exerted a considerable influence on the awarding of the Royal Society’s medals and he took time and …
  • … with Samuel Pickworth Woodward on the variability and geographical distribution of fossil shells, …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Anniversary address (1834).  Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1833–8): 44–70. …
  • … of Anglesea.  Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society  1, pt 2 (18): 359–452. (DAR 33: …
  • … the southern extremity of South America.  Journal of the Royal Geographical Society  1 (1832): 155 …
  • … . . . of earthquakes.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London  51 (1760): 566 …
  • … insect . . .  Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society  4 (1833): 209–17. (Letter to J. …
  • … a map of cotidal lines. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London  123 (1833): 147 …
  • … that have not been located. Administration du Muséum Royal d’Histoire Naturelle.  …
  • … of a recent deluge.  Transactions of the Geological Society of London  5 (1821): 516–44. (DAR 34.2 …
  • … Island of Juan Fernández.  Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  1 (1834): 21–6. (DAR …
  • … age of the veins of Cornwall.  Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall  2 (1822): …
  • … the mines of Cornwall.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London  120 (1830): 399 …
  • … and of Ascidiæ.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 126 (1834): 365–88. ( …
  • … made by Captain Basil Hall, . . .  Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh  7 (1815): 269 …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and confident naturalist at the heart of British scientific society, travelling often to London and …
  • … first edition. He continued as an officer of the Geological Society of London, acting as one of four …
  • … from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious member of the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal
  • … subject, that almost key-stone of the laws of creation, Geographical Distribution’ ( letter to J. D …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … of  Lythrum salicaria ’) and sent it to the Linnean Society of London, thus completing the work he …
  • … and December were also marked by the award to Darwin of the Royal Society’s Copley Medal; he had …
  • … the gold medal was considered the greatest accolade that the Royal Society could bestow. The …
  • … sent to Daniel Oliver, keeper of the herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and professor of …
  • … plants’), which Darwin submitted to the Linnean Society in January 1865. Climbers and twiners …
  • … Origin . He communicated Crüger’s paper to the Linnean Society, in addition to a paper on  Bonatea …
  • … had been initiated by Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a …
  • … Scott’s papers on the orchid  Oncidium  to the Linnean Society in 1864 (Scott 1864b). Recognising …
  • … Primulaceae that was communicated by Darwin to the Linnean Society (Scott 1864a); other papers of …
  • … with the staff he supervised as assistant director of the Royal Botanic Gardens. He noted, for …
  • … Bentham expressed in his presidential address to the Linnean Society; Darwin, however, remained …
  • … Roderick Impey Murchison that were first presented at the Royal Geographical Society, and later …
  • … dispute with officers of the recently formed Anthropological Society of London, many of whose …
  • … between the polygenist views of the Anthropological Society, which for the most part consisted of …
  • … human races, and the monogenist views of the Ethnological Society, most of whose members believed …
  • … The Copley medal controversy After the award of the Royal Society’s Copley Medal, Darwin may …
  • … of 7 November [1864] that half the significance of the Royal Society’s award related to the …
  • … account’. Darwin had earlier revealed his awareness that a Royal Society medal could not be easily …
  • … preceding years. An 1863 letter from the president of the Royal Society, Edward Sabine, to the …
  • … when Sabine’s anniversary address was delivered at the Royal Society on 30 November, when the award …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … served as a Secretary and Vice-President of the Geological Society of London. All this was …
  • … read the fourth of a series of papers to the Geological Society of London. Three of the papers …
  • … William Buckland called it (in his referee’s report to the Society of 9 March 1838), had been …
  • … and the reviews of his papers for the Geological Society  Transactions  provide ample evidence …
  • … in Scotland. This tour resulted in a major paper for the Royal Society in which he advanced the …
  • … of the text, drawing upon his field notes for geological and geographical data and for the …
  • … their mutual involvement in the affairs of the Geological Society. During the  Beagle  voyage …
  • … are preserved (187 of them in the American Philosophical Society’s collection) but some are missing, …
  • … during the Beagle  voyage on, among other subjects, the geographical distribution of genera and …
  • … great interest to him, especially in his later work on the geographical distribution of plants, when …
  • … Look abroad, study gradation study unity of type study geographical distribution study relation of …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … collected during the voyage. Darwin supplied geological and geographical introductions, with notes …
  • … to become assistant to his father, the director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. In his letter …
  • … of new species’. Wallace had been studying the geographical distribution of animals and plants in …
  • … on the subject. The joint paper was read at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. A few weeks later, …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … several classes of facts— those of geological succession, geographical distribution, classification, …
  • … varieties and natural selection in a lecture before the Royal Institution. Yet he also noted the …
  • … support for species change based on his study of the geographical distribution of species ( see …
  • … stated publicly at a meeting of the Cambridge Philosophical Society in May that ‘his chief attacks …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … who have chiefly or almost exclusively studied morphology, geographical Distribution, systematic …
  • … lectures to accompany the exhibition in February at the Royal Geographical Society and later at the …
  • … to publish his results in the journal of the Linnean Society of London, Darwin decided instead to …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … the first part of his presidential address at the Linnean Society of London to British and foreign …
  • … included his election as a corresponding member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Berlin …
  • … in November when Darwin heard that his nomination for the Royal Society’s Copley Medal had been …
  • … failure to win the award was Edward Sabine, President of the Royal Society ( see letter from Edward …
  • … in species of  Linum ’) was read before the Linnean Society. In the paper, Darwin presented …
  • … the end of the previous year. John Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, had …
  • … communicated Scott’s  Primula  work to the Linnean Society in a paper that was read in February …
  • … Scotland; he warned Darwin that at the Edinburgh Botanical Society, where he read his orchid paper, …
  • …  and  Herschelea  Darwin communicated to the Linnean Society ( see letter to Roland Trimen, 23 …
  • … to consult George Busk, former Hunterian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons, whom Goodsir …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … respective theories of organic change at the Linnean Society of London in July 1858 and prompted the …
  • … Bernhard Tegetmeier, founder and president of the Apiarian Society, provided Darwin with information …
  • … to the reading of the Darwin–Wallace papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858, including a …
  • … public and that he did not attend the meeting of the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. The …
  • … appear in one or more papers in the Journal of the Linnean Society. But once he had commenced …
  • … He acted as referee for several papers submitted to the Royal Society and served on the society’s …
  • … the merger of the botanical collections with those of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew (see Appendix …
  • … with Darwin receiving the Wollaston Medal of the Geological Society, considered to be the highest …
  • …  (1851 and 1854) ( Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society  15 (1859): xxv). One of the …
  • … flora, Hooker confronted the difficult subjects of geographical distribution, means of migration, …
  • … require revision since the recent publication by the Linnean Society of the ingenious and original …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … never advanced a theory of the glacial epoch, his views on geographical distribution depended upon a …
  • … Ernest Edwards, and visit the gardens of the Zoological Society at Regent’s Park. He also astonished …
  • … friends were indeed delighted at his return to scientific society; Hooker remarked, ‘I am longing to …
  • … on the subject, read several weeks later at the Linnean Society of London (Henslow 1866a). In …
  • … theory of transmutation, and on competing theories of the geographical distribution of plants. …
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