Author. Called to the bar, 1843; joined the Midland Circuit. Deputy court judge, Bristol district, 1853. Registrar of the court of bankruptcy, Manchester, 1862–8. Retired from the law owing to ill health. Wrote on legal, political, and anthropological subjects. Vice-president of the Anthropological Society of London, 1871. Co-founder of the Psychological Society, 1875. Wrote books and articles on history, anthropology, law, and politics.