Sends some answers to CD's queries on expression, based on his observations of Abyssinians.
Freshwater | I.O.W.
29 Sept 68.
In accordance with your wish—I beg to forward you some answers to your ``Queries about Expression'' which I hope may be what you wished for.
I remain | Yours truly | T. Speedy
Chas Darwin Esq
No 1. Yes. also right hand placed on the forehead palm to the front.
4. Yes, also biting nether lip also snapping thumb & middle finger.
11. Yes, also spitting on the ground
14. Yes—also place back of hand against the mouth.
15. The jealous expression am unable to define except that nether lip is bitten, corners of mouth drawn down, slight frown.
16. No hiss—only hand gently patting the lips
17. in affirmation, head thrown back, or jerked back, eye brows raised for an instant, negation, head jerked to right shoulder, & slight cluck with tongue, mouth closed
- f1 6398.f1No earlier correspondence between CD and Speedy has been found. However, Speedy and his ward, Prince Alämayyähu, visited the Darwins on 20 July 1868, during the Darwins' stay at Freshwater on the Isle of Wight (Emma Darwin's diary (DAR 242)); CD may have given Speedy a printed list of his Queries about expression (see Correspondence vol. 16, Appendix V for a transcription of the queries). In Expression, p. 22, CD acknowledged Speedy's help regarding the `Abyssinians' (Ethiopians). Speedy answered the queries partly from memory and partly from observation of the son of `King Theodore' (Tewodros II of Ethiopia), that is, Alämayyähu.
- f2 6398.f2CD cited Speedy for his observation of the hand on the forehead as expressing astonishment in Expression, p. 289.
- f3 6398.f3See Expression, p. 247, where CD cited Speedy's response about the expression of anger without naming him. Abyssinia is now known as Ethiopia.
- f4 6398.f4CD cited Speedy's response on snarling or sneering, without naming him, in Expression, p. 252.
- f5 6398.f5Speedy probably wrote `11' by mistake for `10'; CD cited Speedy for his observation of spitting as an expression of disgust in Expression, p. 261.
- f6 6398.f6CD cited Speedy's response on the secretion of tears when laughing, without naming him, in Expression, pp. 209--10.
- f7 6398.f7CD cited Speedy on observations of shrugging in Expression, pp. 268.
- f8 6398.f8CD cited Speedy's response on children pouting, without naming him, in Expression, p. 233.
- f9 6398.f9CD cited Speedy for his observation of these expressions of affirmation and negation in Expression, p. 275.