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Letter 5462

Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R.

26 Mar 1867

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    Has printed copies of CD's queries [on expression] and will distribute them.


Cambridge [Massachusetts]

26th March, 1867

Dear Darwin

This is to acknowledge yours of Feb, 28—

You see I have printed your queries—privately—50 copies—as the best way of putting them where useful answers may be expected. Most of them will go into the hands of agents of the Freedmen's bureau, etc— Others to persons I or Wyman may know & rely on   I wish I had them sooner. My crony Wyman has been 2 months in Florida—but will be home again before I could send to him

I did not write the article in the Nation on Popular Lecturing—tho, it contains so many things I have said over and over—that it startled me. Then it hits so many nails square on the head that I should think it could be written only in Cambridge or hereabouts—

It is generally supposed to be written by a person in New York but I suspect a person near by here— —only suspect.

There is a short capital, quiet hit at Agassiz in a later number of the Nation—which Hooker may have sent you.

Yes Magnolia-seeds hang out a-while, in autumn—finally stretch & break the threads of spiral-vessels. Whether birds eat them I dont know. They look enticing & have a pulpy coat— are bitter & spicy

In haste ever yours | A Gray

Shall I send you more of these circulars?

I shall send to Indian-people too.

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 5462.f1
    CD's letter has not been found.
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    f2 5462.f2
    CD evidently enclosed a handwritten copy of his queries about expression with his letter to Gray of 28 February 1867; neither the questionnaire nor the letter have been found. A version of the questionnaire was published in 1868 in the Annual report of the Smithsonian Institution … for the year 1867, p. 324, under the title `Queries about expression for anthropological inquiry'; this version, which contains some American spellings, may be an edited version of the queries printed by Gray (see Freeman and Gautry 1975, pp. 259--60). This questionnaire is also published in Collected papers 2: 136--7.
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    f3 5462.f3
    The United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established by the US Congress in 1865 to provide medical and educational aid to the freed African-Americans following the Civil War (EB).
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    f4 5462.f4
    Jeffries Wyman was an ethnologist and comparative anatomist. Wyman travelled extensively for the sake of his health, and in order to expand his collections; he travelled to Florida eight times between 1852 and 1874 (ANB).
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    f5 5462.f5
    Joseph Dalton Hooker had forwarded the Nation article, `Popularizing science' (Anon. 1867), to CD after it had been sent to him by Gray; CD praised the article and guessed that Gray had written it (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 4 February 1867, and letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 February [1867]).
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    f6 5462.f6
    Gray probably refers to a paragraph in the Nation, 7 March 1867, p. 182, reporting on a lecture of Louis Agassiz's that purported to refute CD's theory. The Nation noted that Agassiz `treated his opponents like a gentleman, and would have treated them like a philosopher had he stated their position clearly, which he did not'.
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    f7 5462.f7
    CD was interested in whether the bright colour of some seeds attracted birds and so aided in seed dispersal (see Origin 4th ed., pp. 430--2). Fritz M¨uller had been sending information on this point; see Correspondence vol. 14, letters from Fritz M¨uller, 2 August 1866, and 1 and 3 October 1866. In his letter of 1 December 1866 (Correspondence vol. 14), M¨uller had told CD about the brightly-coloured seeds of Talauma, a genus closely related to Magnolia. See also letter from Thomas Belt, 12 January 1867 and n. 5.
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    f8 5462.f8
    See n. 2, above. Gray sent the queries on expression to Joseph Trimble Rothrock, who had recently been among native people of British Columbia; he also probably sent the queries to Spencer Fullerton Baird (see letter from J. T. Rothrock to Asa Gray, 31 March 1867 and n. 1, and letter from George Gibbs, 31 March 1867).
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    f9 5462.f9
    CD's annotations are notes for his letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867].
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