Reports his observations on an ants' nest.
I have examined the ants nest o< > < > high ground but did not find any yellow ones— thare whare a grate many eggs b<u>t saw a very few ants either in the nest or on the outside the ceasd to carry eggs in about a week after you left and soon after deserted that Part altogeather I mean the <2 or 3 words missing> is not <1 word missing> a<n>t to <be> seen those <1 word missing> yellow < >s under the < > dont seem to have been disturbed the ants on the high ground have not collected any rubbish for a nest.
I know <a>n Hor<ne>ts nest near the Caves in an hollow tree part of it is quite open
Yours Obediently | J Burningham
- f1 4891.f1Possibly James Burningham of Gatten, just north of Shanklin, Isle of Wight (Census returns 1851 (Isle of Wight Record Office)).
- f2 4891.f2The date is conjectured from the endorsement, and from CD's 1858 visit to the Isle of Wight (see n. 3, below).
- f3 4891.f3CD made notes on ants carrying pupae during a visit to the Isle of Wight from 16 July to 13 August 1858, when he stayed in both Sandown and Shanklin (DAR 205.11: 94; see also Correspondence vol. 7, Appendix II). However, he also made notes on the yellow ant, Formica flava, during visits to Hartfield, Sussex, between 11 and 14 July 1858 and between 30 July and 1 August 1860 (DAR 205.11: 90--3, 99--102), and during a visit to Moor Park, Surrey, on 23 and 24 July 1859 (DAR 205.11: 96--7). Some of these notes form the basis for his discussions of the `slave-making instinct' in Origin, pp. 219--24.
- f4 4891.f4There are caves in the area south of Shanklin and in particular around Ventnor, Isle of Wight.