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Letter 2073F

Darwin, C. R. to Sharpey, William

9 Apr [1857]

    Summary Add

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    Recommendations of books of general interest [for the Royal Society library]. These include [Louis] Agassiz's works, [William] McGillivray's [History of] British birds, and David Low's [On the domesticated animals of the British Islands].

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    Comments on current candidates for the Royal Society.

Transcription

Down Bromley Kent

Ap. 9th

My dear Dr. Sharpey

It is very puzzling trying to mark the Catalogues; especially the entomological one. There are lots of good Books, but I fancy most are too special; I have marked a few of more general interest.—

I think we ought to have all Agassizs works.— You will be surprised at two which I have marked doubtfully, viz Low's Domestic animals, for I believe that the time is coming when all records of domestic variation will be admitted as most very important.— Macgillivrays British Birds (I have it myself) is, also, a special Book, but quite above the common run—

I am delighted to hear of progress in arrangement of Library.— With respect to candidates; Davidson from his Palæontological work & Sorby from that on cleavage & sea-bottom have the highest possible claims.— Mr Beckles I think has, also, very strong claims. I do not myself know Warrington Smyth's writings, but I have always heard him spoken of with much respect;— I shd. think he might wait, if you are pressed.— Andrew Smith, whose Zoology of S. Africa I know well, has very strong & paramount claims for admission. in my opinion.—

General Sabine in letter to Sir C. Lyell, forwarded to me, says I am on Government Grant Committee, of which I have never heard; & both wish me to attend at next meeting in respect to Mr Beckles grant.— This I cannot do, therefore I have written separate note, if you will be so kind as to read it to Committee.—

Your's very sincerely | Ch. Darwin

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 2073f.f1
    The year is established by the reference to the meeting of the Government Grant Committee of the Royal Society of London at which a grant to Samuel Husband Beckles was approved. See n. 12, below.
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    f2 2073f.f2
    CD had evidently been asked by Sharpey, the secretary of the Royal Society, to recommend, probably from publishers' catalogues, books to be purchased for the Royal Society Library. See also n. 6, below.
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    f3 2073f.f3
    CD refers to the zoologist Louis Agassiz.
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    f4 2073f.f4
    Low 1845. There is an annotated copy in the Darwin Library--CUL (see Marginalia 1: 506--10).
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    f5 2073f.f5
    Macgillivray 1837--52. CD's heavily annotated copy is in the Darwin Library--CUL (see Marginalia 1: 551--7).
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    f6 2073f.f6
    The Royal Society Library was being augmented and rearranged following the removal of the society to Burlington House (Royal Society, council minutes, 5 March 1857).
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    f7 2073f.f7
    Thomas William St Clair Davidson and Henry Clifton Sorby were both elected fellows of the Royal Society in June 1857 (Record of the Royal Society of London, p. 476). Sorby pioneered the use of the polarising microscope in geology and established the cause of slaty cleavage in sedimentary rock (DSB). For CD's favourable assessment of Sorby 1856, see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 September [1856].
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    f8 2073f.f8
    Beckles was not elected a fellow of the Royal Society until 1859 (Record of the Royal Society of London, p. 477).
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    f9 2073f.f9
    CD refers to Warington Wilkinson Smyth. Smyth was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1858 (Record of the Royal Society of London, p. 476).
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    f10 2073f.f10
    CD refers to Andrew Smith. Smith was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1857 (Record of the Royal Society of London, p. 476). There is an annotated copy of A. Smith 1849 in the Darwin Library--CUL (see Marginalia 1: 759).
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    f11 2073f.f11
    The letter from Edward Sabine to Charles Lyell has not been found. Sabine was treasurer of the Royal Society. Although the grant voted by Parliament to be distributed by the Royal Society was only formally established as an annual payment in 1856, the Government Grant Committee of the Royal Society had been in existence since 1850, and CD had served as a member of the sub-committee that recommended a grant to Richard Owen in that year (MacLeod 1971b). In January 1857, CD had solicited a grant from the committee on behalf of William Freeman Daniell (Correspondence vol. 6, letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] and n. 2). See also n. 12, below.
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    f12 2073f.f12
    The Government Grant Committee of the Royal Society recommended at a meeting held on 3 July 1857 that the Council approve an award to Beckles of £150 `for further prosecuting the search for fossil remains in the Purbeck Strata' (Royal Society, Council minutes, 4 July 1857). Lyell had encouraged Beckles in this work and had reported the initial finds to a meeting of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society on 18 January 1857 (Bonney 1919, p. 134; see also Correspondence vol. 6, letter from Charles Lyell, [16 January 1857] and n. 2.)
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    f13 2073f.f13
    CD's note has not been found.
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